The Museum of the Urban Civilisation
Council’s Place 15
The Museum of the Urban Civilisation is a pilot-project unique in Romania, through its thematic nature, which recreates the way of life of the inhabitants of an urban space and the commercial relationships of Brasov with the Orient and the Occident, across the XVIIIth and the XIXth centuries.
The museum is set up inside the Closius House, erected during the XVIth-XIXth centuries, along with the residencies of the families Hiemesch and Giesel in the southern side of the Council Place, and reflects the houses’ typology of the urban patriciate during the Renaissance in Transylvania, conserving elements characteristic to the period, such as the representation halls with semi-cylindrical vaults and plastering mouldings, the interiors decorated with vegetal-floral and figurative mural paintings, elements of decorative stone works.
The Memorial Museum „Casa Mureșenilor”
The Council Place 25
The museum is hosted by the building dating back to the XVth-XIXth centuries, became residence of Muresenilor family since 1840. Here used to be the editorial office’s seat of the „Transylvania’s Gazette”, the first political paper of the Romanians of Ardeal, established in 1838 and the printing house „A. Mureşianu”.
The Mureseni Family is known through its scholars and patriots, militants for the civic and political rights of the Romanians in Transylvania, in the XIXth century. Andrei Mureşianu (1816-1863), the poet of the Revolution of 1848, composed in Brasov the lyrics of the song „Deşteaptă-te române” „Wake up, Romanian”, became in 1989 the National Anthem of Romania.
The museum established in 1968, thanks to the donation made by the descendants of Muresianu family, exhibits a valuable collection of objects of the family, among which pieces of furniture, paintings, sculptures and an archive of great cultural value, containing more than 25.000 documents. Besides the permanent and temporary exhibitions, the museum has a rich cultural activity, consisting in recitals and classic music concerts.
The museum complex of "The First Romanian School"
Union Square 2
Near the church there is the first Romanian school, which wooden building has been replaced by a stone construction, superposed in the XVIIIth century. Between 1556 and 1583, The Deacon Coresi printed at Brasov the biggest number of books in Romanian language of the XVIth century on the actual territory of the country. The assembly of Saint Nicholas Church is also constituted by Barac House, dating back to the XVIIIth century and the cells against the enclosure wall from the first period of the XIXth century, which hosts nowadays a unique collection of books (about 4000 tomes) and historical documents (around 30.000), along with a museum complex functioning since 1961, housing witnesses of the culture and civilization of Scheii Brasovului, dedicated to Junii Braşovului, to the painter Ştefan Mironescu, the musician Tudor Ciortea and the metropolitan bishop Andrei Şaguna.
The Art Museum
The Heroes Boulevard 21
On the line of the north-eastern fortifications of the old stronghold erected around the town was built the Palace of the Artisans’ Association in 1902, in neo-Baroque style, which hosts since 1970 The Art Museum, initially a section of the Regional Museum (1950). The panting, graphic and sculpture collections are representatives for both the Romanian modern and contemporary Art and the Transylvanian art specific to the XVII-XXth centuries, with a patrimony of more than 3800 cultural items. The ground floor halls host temporary exhibitions and cultural manifestations, such as concerts, books launchings, round tables, conferences.
In the same building there was set up The Ethnography Museum, initially a section of the Regional Museum (1950), founded in 1967 and reorganized in 1990. Its patrimony of more than 21.256 items, which origin dates back to the XVIII-XXth centuries, is dedicated to the regional ethnology of the south-eastern Transylvania, illustrating the civilisation of the rural community of the ethnographic areas Bran, Rupea, Ţara Oltului, Hârtibaciului Valley, Ţara Bârsei.
Brasov County History Museum
The Council Place 30