Braşov – chronological references

1235 - The first mention in documents of Brasov town under the name Corona.
1377 - Brașov is confirmed as administrative centre.
1379 - Braşovul becomes the ecclesiastical seat of Tara Barsei, named in the first historical sources Barasu, Burcia, Brasso.
1383 - Starts the construction of Saint Mary Church, concluded in 1477. Towards the end of the XIVth century begin the works at the fortifications surrounding the town, concluded in 1646.
1388 - The first mention of the school under the authority of Saint Mary Church of Brașov;
1395 - At Brasov is concluded the anti-ottoman alliance between Sigismund de Luxemburg, the King of Hungary and Mircea the Old, the ruler of Wallachia;
1399 - The first mention in documents of the orthodox church of the Romanians from Scheii Brașovului;
1400 - The first Turkish invasion of Țara Bârsei, followed by the one occurred in 1421, when Brasov town is partially destroyed, and the Magistrate is taken in captivity;
acord1420 - It is concluded the Treaty between the Reunion of Tara Barsei District and the Furriers Guild, concerning the construction of the Council's House ;
1475 - The first taxes lists conserved in Brasov, where there are mentioned the four squares of the town;
1480-1506 - The writings of Gheorghe Grămăticul attest the Romanian didactic activity in Brașov;
1486 - Brașov and Țara Bârsei are included in the Saxon University – Universitas Saxonum;
1521 - The letter of Neacșu of Câmpulung addressed to the judge mayor of Brasov - the first document conserved in Romanian language;
1541 - The proclamation of the Transylvania's Princedom, after the fall of the Hungarian Kingdom under the Turks;
1542 - The adoption of the Lutheran religion by the Saxond and Magyar population of Brașov;
1539 - The beginning of the typographic activity of the humanist Johannes Honterus, who organizes in 1541 the German Grammar school on the location of Saint Catherine monastery and in 1547 establishes the school library, which used to host the biggest books collection of Transylvania;
1556-1583 - The activity of Dean Coresi, the biggest Romanian typographer of the XVIth century;
1558 - The first mention in documents of the Magyar school of Brașov;
1600 - Michael the Brave visits Brasov and summons here the Diet of Transylvania;
1612 - The judge mayor Michael Weiss leads the battle against the prince Gabriel Bathori;
1686 - Transylvania becomes part of the Habsburg Empire. In 1688 the inhabitants of Brasov riot against the new rulers of Brasov and in 1689 occurs the big fire, which provokes the biggest urban disaster of the settlement's history;
1736 - Urban civil works undertaken by the Austrians: the construction of a road towards Wallachia through Timiş notch, in 1737 the Council Market is paved with stone;
1776-1782 - The construction of the most representative Baroque building of the town, The Roman-Catholic Church Saints Peter and Paul;
1781 - The Emperor Joseph the IInd issues the Conviviality Rescript and the Edict of religious tolerance according to which the Romanians acquire the same rights as the other nations’ members. In 1784-1787 - is erected the Saint Trinity Greek Church, the first orthodox cult halidom of Brasov’s Stronghold;
1804 - The public lighting (with oil) is installed in the Stronghold;
1835 - It is established “Casina română” („The Romanian Gathering”). In 1838 came out “Gazeta de Transilvania” („The Transylvanian Gazette”) and “Foaie pentru minte, inimă şi literatură” („Sheet for mind, heart and literature”), two papers edited by George Bariţiu.
The Revolution of 1848. The anthem “Deșteaptă-te române!” , on lyrics written by Andrei Mureșianu.
1851 - It is established the first Romanian grammar school of Braşov, nowadays The National College “Andrei Şaguna”;
1854 - The installation of the telegraph in Brașov;
1864 - The construction of the Aerian Gas Factory;
1873 - The inauguration of Brasov Railway-station, at the same time with the first railway Braşov-Sighişoara;
1882 - The national opening night of the comic opera “Crai Nou” of the composer Ciprian Porumbescu;
1889 - The first telephone stations in Braşov;
1897-1898 - The construction of the Finances Palace, the actual seat of Brașov City Hall;
1916 - The entrance of the Romanian Army in Brașov, during the mandate of Gheorghe Baiulescu, the first Romanian mayor of the town. On December 1st 1918 was declared the Union of Transylvania with Romania.