St. Bartholomew Church

The parochial church of the “Ancient Brasov”, located near Sprenghi hill, with the medieval stronghold of refuge, has been rebuilt in the actual form, after the Tartar invasion of 1241, being therefore the oldest historical monument of the town. The monument adapts the early Gothic architectonic program of the establishments pertaining to the monastic order of the Cistercians monks to a parochial church; it has a basilica-like plan with three aisles in connected system, transept and choir with polygonal apse, towered by the chapels of rectangular plan.  The sanctuary and its extensions constitute the authentic part of the monument, characterized by the narrow windows in broken arch surmounted by circular poly-lobe rosaries and by the carved stone specific to the Cistercian architecture. Outside, the cornice conserves a continuous frieze of blind arcades on consoles, an architectural motive of an older Romanic tradition.
The destructions caused by the ottoman attacks of 1421 and 1438 determined the vaults of the aisles and the transept to be rebuilt; the actual aspect of the church also is tributary to the reconstruction works carried on in 1634-1663. On the western side of the basilica-like corpus there were designed two towers, of which only the south-western one has been accomplished, dating back in its actual form since 1842.
The church conserves inside pieces of liturgical furniture dating back to the XVIIth and the XVIIIth centuries: the altar, the pulpit and the painted lecterns of the artisan corporations.  The chapel set-up within the southern aisle of the monument still conserves degraded fragments of an assemble of mural paintings, illustrating scenes of the lives of Saint Bartholomew and Saint Nicholas, dating back to the last period of the XIVth century.